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Internet Governance Weekly Brief (W28A20): Tech giants on China’s new security law; Iran to retaliate to cyber-attacks, UN warned on increased e-waste; ISO reports on trustworthiness over AI; Budapest Convention on Cybercrime, ENISA report 2019

Internet Governance Weekly Brief (W28A20): Tech giants on China’s new security law; Iran to retaliate to cyber-attacks, UN warned on increased e-waste; ISO reports on trustworthiness over AI; Budapest Convention on Cybercrime, ENISA report 2019

ABSTRACT

This week, Tech giants said they will not process data request made by Honk kong following China’s new security law. Iran stated it will retaliate to any cyber attacks on its ground. TikTok has denounced India App ban claiming that Chinese authorities have never requested the data of their indian Tik Tok users.

In the United Nations, an agreement adopted by 53 countries obliges national authorities responsible for approving car models on cybersecurity protections. Also, according to UN, 2.9 million waste electrical and electronic equipment was generated in 2019 in Africa. The International Organization for Standardization has released a technical report looking at concerns related to trustworthiness regarding artificial intelligence.

In the USA, the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency released its strategy document; and Senate approves handful of amendments to The National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) including Cyber Solarium recommendations.

In Europe, The European Data Protection Supervisor published a paper outlining its findings and recommendations for the use of Microsoft products and services. The European Commission adopted a communication to help national authorities on Readiness at the End of the Transition Period between the European Union and the United Kingdom following Brexit. European Union Agency for Cybersecurity released the 2019 Annual Report on Trust Services Security Incidents while the Council of Europe’s Cybercrime Convention Committee published a new report to illustrate the benefits and impact of the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime.

CYBER GEOPOLITCS

Microsoft and Zoom have said they will not process data requests made by the Hong Kong authorities while they take stock of a new security law. This decision come after Facebook, Google, Twitter and the chat app Telegram,  announced similar “pauses”. Indeed, China passed a law on 30 June, criminalising acts that support independence.

Iran said a huge explosion has taken place at its nuclear enrichment facility causing “extensive damage”. In response, Iran said it will retaliate against any country that carries out cyber-attacks on its nuclear sites. 

Chinese technology giant Huawei has been accused of trying to manipulate Britons to back the company’s role in UK’s 5G infrastructure.

TikTok has denounced India App ban saying Chinese authorities have never requested the data of their Indian users.

PRIVACY

In Europe, the Commission adopted a communication to help national authorities on Readiness at the End of the Transition Period between the European Union and the United Kingdom en line of Brexit. It also launched a public consultation on common European data spaces.

The Parliament issued its Report on the Parliament Recommendation to the Council and the Commission concerning the conclusion of an agreement, under negotiation, between the European Union and New Zealand on the Exchange of Personal Data Between the two countries amid.

The Council released its discussion paper on the proposed Regulation concerning the Respect for Private Life and the Protection of Personal Data in Electronic Communications.

Bosnia Herzegovina and Malta have signed the Protocol amending the Convention for the Protection of Individuals with regard to Automatic Processing of Personal Data, (CETS No.223). Ambassador Ivan ORLIĆ, Permanent Representative of Bosnia Herzegovina, then Ambassador Joseph FILLETTI, Permanent Representative of Malta, successively signed Convention 108+

The Interactive Advertising Bureau published a letter addressed to Apple Inc. and signed by multiple marketing professionals, urging Apple to adopt standards in order to promote interoperability and privacy for users. 

In Australia, the  Australian Competition and Consumer Commission has released an energy rules framework consultation paper exploring a number of framework development issues that will need to be resolved to accommodate the energy Consumer Data Right.

SECURITY

In the United Nations, an agreement adopted last month by 53 countries, obliges national authorities responsible for approving car models before they go on sale to ensure that vehicles are built with cybersecurity protections.

In the USA, The Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency released its strategy document, Securing Industrial Control Systems: A Unified Initiative while US Senate approves handful of amendments to The National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) including Cyber Solarium recommendations.

In Europe, the Commission launched a public consultation on the revision of the Directive on security of network and information systems while the European Union Agency for Cybersecurity released the 2019 Annual Report on Trust Services Security Incidents. The Council of Europe’s Cybercrime Convention Committee has finalised a new report to illustrate the benefits and impact of the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime in view of facilitating dialogue with States and stakeholders interested in cooperation on cybercrime. The Italian National Postal and Communication Police Unit and the Romanian National Police supported by Europol and Eurojust, dismantled an organised criminal group involved in financial fraud, cybercrime and money laundering. 

In Africa, the Government of Benin has adopted a new National Cybersecurity Strategy and plan of action for 2020-2022, endorsed by the Council of Ministers on 6 May 2020.

In Japan, the Information and Communication Technology Information Sharing of Analysis Center released a guide for safe and comfortable working from.

In Brazil, Hapvida Participações e Investimentos S.A. issued a notice to its shareholders and the market that it had suffered a cybersecurity breach which is being investigated.

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

The International Organization for Standardization has released a technical report looking at concerns related to trustworthiness regarding artificial intelligence.

In Italia, The Ministry of Economic Development published the artificial intelligence national strategy concluding the public consultation process started in August 2019

Clearview AI has advised Canadian privacy protection authorities that, in response to their joint investigation, it will cease offering its facial recognition services in Canada.

The Office of the Australian Information Commissioner and the UK’s Information Commissioner’s Office have opened a joint investigation into the personal information handling practices of Clearview AI Inc., focusing on the company’s use of ‘scraped’ data and biometrics of individuals.

RIGHT TO BE FORGOTTEN

The German Federal Constitutional Court published a decision balancing the right to be forgotten and the right to freedom of expression of the press in a case dealing with the reporting of a criminal act a publicly-known person had committed in the past.

DIGITAL ECONOMY – COMPETITION – CONSUMER PROTECTION

The European Commission has published a set of resources to help traders, online platforms and search engines get the most out of the new Platform to Business rules, which apply from this Sunday, 12 July.

The European Data Protection Supervisor published a paper outlining its findings and recommendations for EU Institutions’ use of Microsoft products and services

ENCRYPTION

European police cracked an encrypted communications network of a criminal group who planned drug trafficking, arms sales, assassinations and torture.

The Independent National Security Legislation Monitor of Australia published its report on whether the Telecommunications and Other Legislation Amendment (Assistance and Access) Act 2018  contains sufficient safeguards for protecting the rights of individuals and remains proportionate and necessary.

ACCESS

Ethiopian authorities have partially restored internet services after a weeklong ban, an official said.

Zimbabwe new Freedom of Information Bill became law after being gazetted following the approval of the final amended version from Parliament by President Mnangagwa.

INFRASTRUCTURE

Alphabet’s Loon on Monday announced that its balloons are now providing internet service in Kenya to subscribers of Telkom Kenya.

CONTENT

Facebook took action against several networks for violations of the social medium’s policies “against foreign interference and coordinated inauthentic behavior.”

E-WASTE

the United Nations said that Humans discarded more than 50 million tonnes of electronic waste last year, an increase of 20% in just five years.

According to the UN’s Global E-waste Monitor 2020, 2.9 million waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) was generated in 2019 on the African continent.

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