Internet Governance Monthly Brief (January 2020): UN warns on cyberthreats; U.S vs EU on Huawei 5G deployment; Cyber-attacks hit U.N and Travelex; GDPR fines reaches 114 million euros; New rules on consumer protection in EU; France and US find agreement on digital tax; Twitter political advertisement ban dilemma; Red sea region internet blackout…
TRUST – CYBERGEOPOLITICS
United Nations SG underlines the “Dark side of Internet” and US keeps on calling European countries to reject HUAWEI’s 5G
In a speech to the General Assembly, the UN Secretary General António Guterres has called worldwide communities to address issues caused by “four horsemen”: Geopolitical tensions, The climate crisis, Global mistrust and The dark side of technology. According to UN SG, these issues come from the global geostrategic tensions the World has witnessed in years.
Despite the United States efforts to convince European countries to reject Huawei 5G; the European Union issues a set of guidelines on the use of 5G, stress responsibility of each states to choose its network. Moreover, United Kingdom cleared Huawei to continue to supply equipment for its 5G networks.
WEF publish key principles for ISPs security; Cyberattacks hit United Nations offices and Travelex; UN expert demands enquiry on Jeff BEZOS phone’s hack
The World Economic Forum Platform for Shaping the Future of Cybersecurity and Digital Trust along with a group of leading ISPs and multilateral organizations has published 4 key principles to boost ISP security in order to protect and prevent cyber-attacks from reaching consumers.
Also, The United Nations revealed that it was hacked via a Microsoft’s SharePoint vulnerability last year, with 20 administrative accounts compromised and malware implanted on 40 servers in Geneva and Vienna.
The global foreign exchange firm Travelex’s operations were hit by a major ransomware attack. Travelex services impacted included their UK business, international websites, mobile apps, and white-labelled services for the likes of Tesco, Sainsburys, Virgin Money, Barclays and RBS.
After allegation that Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos is believed to have been hacked by Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, a United Nation expert demand US to make enquiry on this alleged phone hack.
DATA PROTECTION – PRIVACY
Fines for European privacy breaches reach 114 million euros; Equifax to pay $380.5 million in data breach settlement in the US; Microsoft announce data breaches…
European data protection regulators have imposed over €114 million in GDPR fines since the regulation came into force in May 2018 with most data breaches notifications in Holland and biggest GDPR fine in France.
After suffering one of the largest data breaches in history, Equifax has been given the final approval to settle the class action lawsuit against them. Equifax has agreed to pay $380.5 million in the US over its 2017 data breach.
Microsoft has announced a data breach that has exposed 250 million customer records, spanning 14 years, without password protection.
European Union sets new rules on consumer protection in digital era; France and United States find agreement on digital tax.
On January 07, European Union releases new rules for consumer protection in line with digital developments. The new rules are designed to ensure greater transparency of online market places as well as ensuring consumer rights enforcement.
France and the United States have agreed to rewrite tax rules for cross border exchange in the digital era. The French digital services tax project is a 3% revenue tax designed to collect money from companies providing digital services to French citizens. However, in agreement with United States, no tariffs will come into force until the end of 2020, meaning that France will delay collecting the new tax, and the US will not introduce extra tariffs.
Twitter political advertisement ban; Turkey restores access to Wikipedia after more than two years of ban
After its promise to ban political advertisements on the platform, twitter makes some steps backwards and announces it will make minor changes to help users to control the advertisements.
Wikipedia is back in Turkey after more than two years ban. The Turkish Constitutional Court made the full text of that ruling publicly meaning that access was restored to Wikipedia. The court found that the ban violated freedom of expression and was unconstitutional.
Red sea region internet blackout after undersea cable cut; Internet access a fundamental right in India
Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, and Ethiopia have all suffered from the last cut of the so-called Falcon cable. The entire Red Sea region and some East African countries like Ethiopia were unable to access the Internet due to the severity of the incident.
Supreme Court of India declares internet ban in Jammu and Kashmir unconstitutional after the Court declared access to internet a fundamental right in the country. According to the Supreme Court, access to the internet is protected under Article 19 of the Constitution.