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INTERNET GOVERNANCE MONTHLY BRIEF: FEBRUARY 2020

INTERNET GOVERNANCE MONTHLY BRIEF: FEBRUARY 2020

MAIN NEWS / INDEX

  • US National Counterintelligence and Security Centre (NCSC) unveil the US National Counterintelligence Strategy 2020-2022, while European Commission publishes digital future strategy.
  • Huawei promises ‘Made in Europe’ 5G for EU but lose Appeal against restrictions to do business in the United States.
  • Facebook urges more regulations on harmful online content, decides to let political campaigns pay online influencers and remove fake accounts originating from Russia, Iran, Vietnam, and Myanmar
  • The coronavirus is the first true social-media “infodemic” according to the World Health Organization (WHO) as Internet giants fight spread of coronavirus untruths
  • Brazil publishes National Cybersecurity strategy while European Financial Organisations agree to combat cyber threats
  • UK, US accused Russia of cyberattacks againstGeorgia
  • UK to diverge from EU data protection rules
  • OECD launches Artificial Intelligence Policy Observatory as US Department of Defense Adopts Ethical Principles for Artificial Intelligence
  • Four Chinese military officers charged by US following Equifax attack and FBI releases its 2019 Internet Crime Report
  • ITU aims 45% Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction By 2030

REVIEW

CYBER GEOPOLITICS

US National Counterintelligence and Security Centre (NCSC) unveils the US National Counterintelligence Strategy 2020-2022, while European Commission publishes digital future strategy

The US National Counterintelligence and Security Centre (NCSC) unveiled the National Counterintelligence Strategy of the United States of America 2020-2022, outlining a new approach to counterintelligence to address threats that have evolved significantly since the last strategy in 2016.

The European Commission published two important documents which sets out its view of the digital future of Europe: “White Paper on Artificial Intelligence” and “European Strategy for Data

Huawei promises ‘Made in Europe’ 5G for EU but lose Appeal Against Restrictions to do business in the United States

Chinese telecom giant Huawei said it would set up manufacturing hubs in Europe, to grant “5G for Europe made in Europe”. “Huawei is more committed to Europe than ever before,” said the company’s top executive for Europe Abraham Liu. 

Huawei Technologies Ltd.’s appeal against a United States law that restricted its ability to do business in the country has been rejected by a federal judge.

UK, US accused Russia of cyberattacks against Georgia

The UK and US accused Russia’s GRU intelligence agency for massive cyber attack during 2019 which hit 2,000 websites in Georgia, including the sites of the president, courts, and local media in October 2019.

CONTENT

Facebook urges more regulations on harmful online content, decides to let political campaigns pay online influencers and remove fake accounts originating from Russia, Iran, Vietnam, and Myanmar

Mark Zuckerberg, CEO and founder of Facebook, told the Munich Security Conference that Facebook needs more state regulations on harmful content in order to deal with the problem effectively.

Facebook has decided to let political campaigns pay online influencers to spread their messages. Facebook previously prohibited political candidates from running branded content campaigns on its platform, but no longer under the new guidelines.

Also, the social network announced in a blog post from Nathaniel Gleicher, head of cybersecurity policy at Facebook, the removal of pages, groups, and accounts from both Facebook and Instagram that originated in Russia, Iran, Vietnam, and Myanmar. The behavior was reportedly on behalf of a government or foreign actor. 

The coronavirus is the first true social-media “infodemic” according to the World Health Organization (WHO) as Internet giants fight spread of coronavirus untruths.

The World Health Organization says the coronavirus outbreak “has sparked an “infodemic” – an overwhelming amount of information online, some of it totally untrue”.

WHO said it is working with internet and social media giants to combat widespread misinformation surrounding the coronavirus outbreak.

Ethiopia approves controversial law curbing hate speech;

Ethiopia‘s parliament has passed a law punishing “hate speech” and “disinformation” with fines and jail terms.

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

OECD launches Artificial Intelligence Policy Observatory while US Department of Defence Adopts Ethical Principles for Artificial Intelligence. European Commission Executive Vice President states that “Facial recognition tech breaches EU data protection rules”

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has launched a new Artificial Intelligence Policy Observatory (called OECD.AI). The launch took place on Thursday 27 February, 2020.

European Commission Executive Vice President Margrethe Vestager stated the use of facial-recognition technology for the purpose of automatic identification violates GDPR.

The US Department of Defence (DoD) has announced the adoption of artificial intelligence (AI) ethical principles. AI ethical principles will cover the five major areas of responsibility, equitability, traceability, reliability and governability.

Apple suspends facial recognition app Clearview AI

Apple has disabled a facial recognition app following reports that it violated the tech giant‘s app distribution rules.

DIGITAL ECONOMY

Zuckerberg backs digital tax

Mark Zuckerberg for the first time said he supports efforts to create a global digital tax. He also welcomes the efforts of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development to find a global compromise on how to tax profits from digital activities.

SECURITY

Brazil publishes National Cybersecurity Strategy while European financial organisations agree to combat cyber threats

Central banks, clearing houses, stock exchanges, payment system providers and law enforcement agencies across Europe have joined forces on a cybercrime information sharing programme.

Brazil has created a national cybersecurity strategy with the core objectives of increasing the country’s “digital trustworthiness and resilience” against cyber threats. The President of the Federative Republic of Brazil, Jair Bolsonaro, promulgated, on 5 February 2020, Federal Decree No. 10.222 Approving the National Cybersecurity Strategy.

CYBER ATTACK

Four Chinese military officers charged by US following Equifax attack; FBI releases its 2019 Internet Crime Report.

The US has charged four Chinese military officers over the cyber-attack of credit rating giant Equifax. More than 147 million Americans were affected in 2017 when hackers stole sensitive personal data including names and addresses.

The FBI’s 2019 Internet Crime Report summarizes cyber-crime complaints reported through the agency’s Internet Crime Complaint Center, or IC3. In its statement, the FBI said it received 467,361 internet crime complaints last year, or about 1,300 per day. That has led to more than $3.5 billion in losses reported by crime victims both businesses and individuals.

DATA PROTECTION – PRIVACY

UK to diverge from EU data protection rules; Russia fines Twitter, Facebook for keeping data abroad

The United Kingdom seek to diverge from EU data protection rules, Johnson confirms. This raises questions about the future of the data protection regime in the UK post transition agreement.

Russia has fined Twitter and Facebook about $64,000 for failing to comply with a law that requires data on Russian users to be stored on servers located in Russia.

DIGITAL ECOLOGY

ITU aims 45% Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction By 2030

A new ITU standard highlights that compliance with the Paris Agreement will require the Information and Communications Technology (ICT) industry to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 45 per cent from 2020 to 2030. The recommended emission-reduction targets are the first targets specific to the ICT industry to be approved by the Science Based Target Initiative (SBTi).

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