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Internet Gov Weekly Brief (W50Y19): 14th IGF Final Report ; UN activities on AI…

Internet Gov Weekly Brief (W50Y19): 14th IGF Final Report ; UN activities on AI…

INDEX / MAIN NEWS

IG WEEKLY BRIEF

IGF 2019

Final report from the 14th Internet Governance Forum

« The Final Report is prepared by the Geneva Internet Platform (GIP) and DiploFoundation, with the support of the IGF 2019 host country, the Swiss authorities, the Internet Society, and ICANN…”

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

United Nations Activities on Artificial Intelligence (AI) 2019

« Very few topics have captured the imagination of the public and promised to transform humanity more than artificial intelligence….”

Europe’s largest initiative for excellence in human-centered artificial intelligence opens its headquarters in The Hague

« On the 9th of December 2019 The Hague played host to the launch of the headquarters for the world’s largest AI research network CLAIRE (Confederation of Laboratories for Artificial Intelligence Research in Europe”…

China unveils its digital courts with AI judges

« China has unveiled a new system of digital justice with artificial-intelligence judges, cyber-courts, and verdicts delivered on chat apps…”

CYBER GEOPOLITICS

IRAN: Rouhani Pledges Stronger Domestic Intranet To Cut Need For The Internet

« President Hassan Rouhani has said the National Information Network (NIN) or Iran’s intranet will be bolstered as ordered by the Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei so that “people will not need foreign [networks] to meet their needs.”

Iran Communications Minister Admits ‘Massive Cyber-Attack By ‘Foreign State’

« Iran’s Communications Minister today admitted a “massive state-sponsored cyber-attack” aimed at Iranian government’s cyber infrastructure and websites but did not name the state behind the attack…”

Europe: Significance and security risks of 5G technology – Council adopts conclusions

“Today the Council adopted conclusions on the significance of 5G to the European economy and the need to mitigate security risks linked to 5G…”  

Reddit links leak of US-UK trade documents to Russian influence campaign

“Reddit said today that a leak of official US-UK trade documents that took place on its platform was the work of Russian operatives part of a long-running political influence campaign…”

Chinese software firms to jointly develop new OS

« The move comes as China looks to ban Microsoft Windows and other foreign software and hardware

 Two Chinese software companies have announced a partnership to build a domestic independent operating system, in efforts to ‘provide a better experience to users’.

Two Russian nationals charged in hacking schemes that officials say caused tens of millions in damages

« U.S. and British law enforcement officials announced charges Thursday against two Russian nationals they think are responsible for separate global hacking schemes that deployed some of the largest pieces of malware ever seen to swipe tens of millions of dollars from the bank accounts of unsuspecting victims…”

US Congress wants more answers on cyber operations and tools

« The National Defense Authorization Act, which was finalized late Dec. 9 by congressional defense committees, has over 30 cyber-related provisions….”

The US Justice Department has released its Inspector General’s report on allegations of Russian influence in President Trump’s campaign.

The 434-page report issued Monday by Justice Department Inspector General Michael Horowitz concluded that the FBI had an “authorized purpose” when it initiated its investigation, known as Crossfire Hurricane, into the Trump campaign.

Top U.S. Cybersecurity Officials to Depart as Election Season Enters Full Swing

« Two top government officials with broad cybersecurity and election-integrity portfolios have announced they are stepping down this month, a loss of expertise in a critical area less than a year before the 2020 presidential election…”

US: Pompeo warns against Russian election meddling in Lavrov meeting

« US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has said he warned Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov against Moscow interfering in the 2020 presidential election during a meeting in Washington that also included President Donald Trump .

US: DOD Issues Special Notice Seeking Input From Industry on 5G Technology Development

« The Department of Defense issued a special notice Friday, Nov. 29, calling for industry input on 5G technology development. The notice titled “Intent to Announce – Request for Prototype Proposals (RPPs) for Smart Warehouse and Asset Management and 5G Dynamic Spectrum Sharing (DSS)” is posted at https://beta.sam.gov/opp/b4d8864127c7447fae9bcb5fb2932b06/view.

US: Treasury Sanctions Evil Corp, the Russia-Based Cybercriminal Group Behind Dridex Malware

..the U.S. Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) took action against Evil Corp, the Russia-based cybercriminal organization responsible for the development and distribution of the Dridex malware.

CYBER ATTACK

Pensacola disconnects city network after cyberattack

« The city government of Pensacola, Fla., on Monday announced that it had been hit by a cyberattack that affected many city services, including online payments and city government emails…” 

Nigerian Extradited to U.S. Over Role in Major Cybercrime Scheme

“A Nigerian citizen was extradited to the United States on charges related to his role in a major cybercrime scheme that involved business email compromise (BEC) attacks…”

Microsoft: Malware, ransomware, and cryptominer detections are down in 2019 – Phishing and DDoS attacks are up, Microsoft security stats reveal.

« As the year draws to a close, we’ve checked with Microsoft’s interactive Security Intelligence Report to get an idea of what happened on the malware and security front for Windows users in 2019….”

Ransomware Writes Drama at Shakespeare Theatre

A ransomware attack over the weekend has taken down the ticketing system and patron database for the Shakespeare Theatre of New Jersey and has also affected at least one other organization in the Madison area…” 

After ransomware attack on state, Baton Rouge schools eye $215,000 backup system

“The East Baton Rouge Parish school system is preparing to spend $215,000 to improve backup systems to protect its data from the kind of ransomware attacks that hit other schools systems last summer and shut down key parts of state government last month…”

Over 70 Government Organizations Dealt With Ransomware This Year

« Ransomware has been a very big problem for many years now. Despite numerous incidents in 2019, it is unlikely that the threat will diminish in the years to come…”

SECURITY

India: National Security Council invites comments on National Cyber Security Strategy 2020 until Dec 31

« The National Security Council Secretariat is seeking comments for the formulation of the National Cyber Security Strategy 2020 (NCSS 2020) until December 31, 2019. Comments can be submitted here till December 31, 2019… »

US: NIAC Urges White House for Comprehensive Action on Infrastructure Cybersecurity

« The President’s National Infrastructure Advisory Council (NIAC) recommended “urgent and comprehensive action” on cyber threats to critical infrastructure in a draft of its Dec. 12 memo to the White House…”

US : GAO Official Explains How to Balance Open Data with Cybersecurity

« For agencies pursuing new ways to share and manage data, Government Accountability Office (GAO) Director of IT and Cybersecurity Nick Marinos recommends focusing on the agency’s mission and incorporating security early on in the process…”

DATA PROTECTION – PRIVACY

INDIA: Personal Data Protection Bill 2019 is out; law raises questions on govt provisions which hint at unfettered access to data (index)

Last week, the Union Cabinet gave a nod to the Personal Data Protection Bill 2019, which aims to bring regulations around usage and storage of personal data.

Today, the bill has been circulated among Members of Parliament, that you can also read here.

US: Over 750,000 applications for US birth certificate copies exposed online

« An online company that allows users to obtain a copy of their birth and death certificates from U.S. state governments has exposed a massive cache of applications — including their personal information…”

FTC Issues Opinion and Order Against Cambridge Analytica For Deceiving Consumers About the Collection of Facebook Data, Compliance with EU-U.S. Privacy Shield

“The Federal Trade Commission issued an Opinion finding that the data analytics and consulting company Cambridge Analytica, LLC engaged in deceptive practices to harvest personal information from tens of millions of Facebook users for voter profiling and targeting.. »

UK patient health data traded to US firms

« Health data belonging to millions of UK National Health Service (NHS) patients has been sold under license to US companies and global pharmaceutical firms, in a move that is likely to inflame tensions between the UK government and privacy campaigners in the run up to the December 12 election…”

Ireland: Regulator issues enforcement notice on public services card project

“The Data Protection Commissioner has issued an enforcement notice on the controversial public services card project to the Department of Social Protection….”

ENCRYPTION

Senators threaten to regulate encryption if tech companies won’t do it themselves

“Lawmakers on Tuesday threatened to pass litigation that would force technology companies to provide court-ordered access to encrypted devices and messages unless the businesses can come up with a solution…”

Written Testimony for the United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary on Smartphone Encryption and Public Safety..

Encryption and Lawful Access: Evaluating Benefits and Risks to Public Safety and Privacy

Statement for the Record Senate Judiciary Committee Hearing on Encryption December 10, 2019

« Today’s hearing provides an opportunity to examine how technology companies and law enforcement can work together to obtain encrypted information that is vital to investigating and prosecuting serious crimes while protecting people’s privacy….”

CHILD ONLINE PROTECTION

US parents file class action against TikTok over children’s privacy

« Parents and legal guardians in the US have their knives out for the insanely popular, oft-investigated social video app TikTok: they’ve filed a class action suit alleging that its parent company, ByteDance, is illegally collecting young users’ data in violation of child privacy law…”

US: Bicameral, bipartisan bill launched to fight back against growing online child exploitation crisis

“A bicameral, bipartisan group of lawmakers are taking action this week following a disturbing New York Times investigative report on the growing prevalence of online child exploitation in communities across the nation….”

US: Attorneys general urge FTC to strengthen online protections for children

« The letter urges the Federal Trade Commission to stop allowing organizations to collect personal information from children under the age of 13…”

Nominet launches £200,000 online child safety fund

« Tech firm Nominet has launched a £200,000 fund to help protect children online…”

DIGITAL ECONOMY

ITU launches new reports on building trust in digital finance

“If the consumer or the user trusts that this new device and new solution will provide them the service that they want, with the security and privacy aspects, and that they are not going to lose their money, then people will use it more and more.”

WTO members agree to extend e-commerce, non-violation moratoriums

« WTO members meeting as the General Council agreed on 10 December to extend two existing moratoriums related to customs duties on electronic transmissions and the initiation of “non-violation” complaints under the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)…”

US urges countries to suspend digital taxes

« US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin is urging countries like France to suspend taxes on global computing giants such as Google and Amazon and wait for a negotiated agreement on international taxation, according to a letter released Wednesday….”

ACCESS

U.N. expert urges Ethiopia to stop internet shutdowns, revise hate speech law

« A senior United Nations official urged Ethiopia on Monday to stop shutting off the internet without legal basis and revise a draft law meant to curb hate speech to ensure it protects freedom of speech…”

UN official lauds China’s efforts to ensure affordable Internet access

“Many can be learnt from China in terms of ensuring affordable Internet access, United Nations Under-Secretary-General Fabrizio Hochschild has said in Beijing…”

Ethiopia briefly shut internet as a cyber attack hits

« Ethiopia Information Network Security Agency (INSA) said on Thursday that a cyber attack directed at financial institutions in the country is foiled….”

CONTENT

Twitter will fund development of an open social media standard

Twitter is funding a team to develop an open and decentralized standard for social media. CEO Jack Dorsey announced the effort, called Bluesky, today.

Hungary: GVH imposed a fine of EUR 3.6 M on Facebook

The GVH found that Facebook Ireland Ltd. had infringed competition law when it advertised its services as being free of charge on its home page and Help Centre.

Facebook: Taking Action Against Ad Fraud

« As part of our ongoing efforts to keep people safe and combat abuse of our ad platform, Facebook filed suit in California today against one entity and two individuals for violating our Terms and Advertising Policies…”

FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION

OSCE warns Albania not to block freedom of expression online

« The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe on Monday urged authorities in Albania to further amend a draft law on a new registration system for online media…”

DOMAIN NAME

ICANN delays .Org sale approval, calls for more transparency

« ICANN has delayed its approval of the sale of .Org to private equity company Ethos Capital by requesting more information…”

RIGHT TO BE FORGOTTEN

Guidelines 5/2019 on the criteria of the Right to be Forgotten in the search engines cases under the GDPR (part 1)

« The European Data Protection Board welcomes comments on the Guidelines 5/2019 on the criteria of the Right to be Forgotten in the search engines cases under the GDPR (part 1).
Such comments should be sent by February 5th 2020 at the latest using the provided form…”

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