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Internet Gov Weekly Brief (W47Y19)

Internet Gov Weekly Brief (W47Y19)

INDEX

UN passes Russian cyber crime resolution; Facebook’s Libra surpasses 50,000 transactions on testnet ; US Fed admits Libra has potential to ‘rapidly’ achieve mass adoption; ITU World Radiocommunication Conference adopts new regulatory procedures for non-geostationary satellites; ENISA threat landscape for 5G Networks (report); Australia releases draft IoT cybersecurity code of practice; Post-ICANN66 Policy Report; ICANN OPEN PUBLIC COMMENT ; Alain Aina: 2019 Jonathan B. Postel Service Award Winner; Security of North American Energy Grid Tested in GridEx Exercise;IAB report to the community for IETF 106; 

CYBER GEOPOLITICS

The U.N. passed a resolution that gives Russia greater influence over internet norms

« A cybercrime-focused resolution backed by Russia passed Monday in the United Nations, despite calls from the U.S. that the measure would further hamper efforts to root out crime on the internet…” https://www.cyberscoop.com/un-resolution-internet-cybercrime-global-norms/

Russia calls for laying down clear-cut rules for Internet governance

« Russia is calling on the world community to establish clear-cut global legislation on Internet governance, Russian Deputy Minister of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media Alexei Volin told reporters on the sidelines of the China-Russia Internet Media Forum in China’s eastern city of Wuxi on Friday….” https://tass.com/society/1089205

Russian internet giant Yandex to restructure under pressure

« Yandex, the internet giant said to be Russia’s answer to Google, unveiled planned governance changes Monday as authorities seek to tighten control over the internet…” https://techxplore.com/news/2019-11-russian-internet-giant-yandex-pressure.html

Russia bans sale of gadgets without Russian-made software

“Russia has passed a law banning the sale of certain devices that are not pre-installed with Russian software…” https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-50507849

US, Montenegro Plot Cyber Warfare Ahead of 2020 Elections

« Deployed inside the sprawling communist-era army command headquarters in Montenegro’s capital, an elite team of U.S. military cyber experts are plotting strategy in a fight against potential Russian and other cyberattacks ahead of the 2020 American and Montenegrin elections…” https ://www.securityweek.com/us-montenegro-plot-cyber-warfare-ahead-2020-elections

Senate bill would block US companies from storing data in China

« US Senator Josh Hawley (R-Missouri) wants to make it illegal for US companies to store user data or encryption keys in China. He also wants to prevent Chinese companies from collecting any more info from American users than is necessary to provide their service. He proposed these measures as part of a new National Security and Personal Data Protection Act announced today….” https ://www.engadget.com/2019/11/18/national-security-personal-data-protection-act/?guccounter=1

U.S. Fails to Counter Chinese Efforts to Recruit Scientists, Acquire Research, Senate Report Says

« Federal agencies have failed to adequately respond to the threat of Chinese government-funded programs that systematically exploit U.S. research to strengthen China’s own economy and military, a new Senate report concludes…” https://www.wsj.com/articles/u-s-fails-to-counter-chinese-efforts-to-recruit-scientists-acquire-research-senate-report-says-11574114412

Impeachment hearing reveals major White House phone security fail

“In testimony yesterday before the House Intelligence Committee, diplomat William Taylor said that he had recently learned of a phone call between George Sondland—the US ambassador to the European Union—and President Donald Trump….” https://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2019/11/impeachment-hearing-reveals-major-white-house-phone-security-fail/

Huawei back in New Zealand’s 5G plans despite security concerns

« New Zealand’s second-largest mobile carrier plans to procure some equipment from Huawei Technologies in its fifth-generation wireless network, despite security concerns that sank an earlier proposal centered on the Chinese company…” https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/Huawei-crackdown/Huawei-back-in-New-Zealand-s-5G-plans-despite-security-concerns

DATA PROTECTION – PRIVACY

Ireland’s GDPR Probe of WhatsApp Raises Questions About Protecting Corporate Secrets

« Europe’s General Data Protection Regulation is 18 months old and regulators are learning how best to enforce it. Ireland’s data protection regulator says she is considering how to share sensitive information with other European countries as she investigates whether Facebook’s WhatsApp violated GDPR provisions….” https://www.wsj.com/articles/cyber-daily-irelands-gdpr-probe-of-whatsapp-raises-questions-about-protecting-corporate-secrets-11574346488

US: Senators are demanding answers from Amazon about its Ring camera network, saying it could threaten national security

« Five Senators have sent a letter to Amazon CEOJeff Bezos demanding answers about how the company protects the privacy of users of its network of Ring security cameras…” https://www.businessinsider.com.au/amazon-ring-camera-network-senators-letter-national-security-2019-11

https://www.wyden.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/112019%20Wyden%20Markey%20Can%20Hollen%20Coons%20Peters%20Ring%20Letter%20to%20Amazon.pdf

Google to restrict advertiser access to user data over privacy concerns

« Google has announced a plan to limit advertisers’ access to user data, in an attempt to better protect people’s privacy. Starting from February, the company will no longer provide information to ad… » https://www.computing.co.uk/ctg/news/3083794/google-to-restrict-advertiser-access-to-user-data-over-privacy-concerns

Twitter to Restrict How Certain Advertisers Target Users

« Twitter said it would no longer allow certain types of geographic or keyword targeting for advertisers promoting any type of cause, as part of rules aimed at blocking most political-related ads on its platform…” https://www.wsj.com/articles/twitter-to-restrict-how-certain-advertisers-target-users-11573842679?mod=djemalertNEWS

Google, Facebook, Amazon and Apple offer defense in congressional antitrust probe

“Four top U.S. tech companies, Alphabet’s Google, Facebook, Amazon.com and Apple, responded to questions from a congressional committee by defending their practices and declining to answer some questions…” https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-tech-antitrust/u-s-tech-firms-defend-themselves-in-responses-to-congressional-antitrust-queries-idUSKBN1XT28X

Facebook and Google surveillance is an ‘assault on privacy,’ says Amnesty International

« Facebook and Google’s persistent surveillance of billions of people around the world threatens human rights and free expression, says Amnesty International. In a new report, the NGO argues the companies need to change their business model and stop being reliant on people’s data…” https://www.amnestyusa.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/Surveillance-Giants-Embargo-21-Nov-0001-GMT-FINAL-report.pdf

Microsoft updates cloud contract terms amid EU GDPR probe

« MICROSOFT WILL AMEND the privacy policies on its commercial cloud computing contracts in the EU following the investigation by the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS)…” https://www.theinquirer.net/inquirer/news/3083989/microsoft-privacy-policy-change-eu-gdpr-probe

DIGITAL ECONOMY

The Rising Tide of E-Commerce Fraud: Methods, Patterns, & Defensive Measures

“In 2020, retail websites will generate $630 billion in sales worldwide, while e-commerce fraud will cause $12 billion in losses in the U.S. alone…” https://info.signalsciences.com/retail-ecommerce-report-2019

Czech government approves digital tax aimed at internet giants

“The Czech government approved a 7% digital tax proposal on Monday aimed at boosting state coffers by taxing advertising by global internet giants like Google and Facebook, the Finance Ministry said…” https://www.reuters.com/article/us-czech-taxation-digital/czech-government-approves-digital-tax-aimed-at-internet-giants-idUSKBN1XS1XU

Facebook’s Libra surpasses 50,000 transactions on testnet

« The Libra Association revealed in a new blog post that over the last 7 weeks, the cryptocurrency’s “testnet” had processed 51,000 transactions across 34 projects that were working on the new blockchain…” https://decrypt.co/11669/facebooks-libra-surpasses-50000-transactions-on-testnet

Five months and growing strong: the Libra project

It’s been just five months since we announced the Libra project on June 18, 2019, and nearly a month since the Libra Association charter was signed by its members in Geneva. We’ve been working diligently to build the global community of developers and the technical infrastructure needed to support it. Here are a few highlights of what we’ve been working on: https://developers.libra.org/blog/2019/11/15/5-months-and-growing-strong

US Fed admits Libra has potential to ‘rapidly’ achieve mass adoption

« The U.S. Federal Reserve, the country’s central bank, has said that stablecoin projects such as Facebook-led Libra could become a “new medium of exchange” if properly designed and regulated…”  https://finance.yahoo.com/news/us-fed-admits-libra-potential-120052250.html

https://www.federalreserve.gov/publications/files/financial-stability-report-20191115.pdf

INFRASTRUCTURE – TELECOMMUNICATION

ITU World Radiocommunication Conference adopts new regulatory procedures for non-geostationary satellites

« The 38th ITU World Radiocommunication Conference (WRC-19) has adopted a new innovative milestone-based regulatory approach for the deployment of non-geostationary satellite orbit (NGSO) satellites in specific bands and services…” https://www.itu.int/en/mediacentre/Pages/2019-PR23.aspx

ITU marks 70 years of television standards work

« World TV Day highlights convergence of new digital technologies in broadcast and Internet services for affordable global footprint…” https://www.itu.int/en/mediacentre/Pages/2019-PR22.aspx

https://www.itu.int/en/mediacentre/Pages/2019-PR22.aspx

ENISA threat landscape for 5G Networks

« This report draws an initial threat landscape and presents an overview of the challenges in the security of 5G networks…” https://www.enisa.europa.eu/publications/enisa-threat-landscape-for-5g-networks?

SECURITY

India’s New Cybersecurity Institution: Ensuring a Robust Cybersecurity Posture

“The recent cyber-attack on the Kudankulam nuclear power plant has compelled the Indian government to restructure institutional structures managing cybersecurity…” https://www.isas.nus.edu.sg/papers/indias-new-cybersecurity-institution-ensuring-a-robust-cybersecurity-posture/

Australia releases draft IoT cybersecurity code of practice

“The government wants the tech industry to secure the Internet of Things through a voluntary code, and the states and territories to join it in ‘an aligned and harmonious approach’…”https://www.zdnet.com/article/australia-releases-draft-iot-cybersecurity-code-of-practice/

Security of North American Energy Grid Tested in GridEx Exercise

« A major exercise whose goal was to test the cyber and physical security of North America’s grid has enabled the energy industry and governments to review and improve incident response plans and collaboration…” https://www.securityweek.com/security-north-american-energy-grid-tested-gridex-exercise

Microsoft Will Bring DNS Over HTTPS (DoH) to Windows

« Microsoft this week revealed plans to adopt DNS over HTTPS (DoH) in Windows 10 in an attempt to keep user traffic as private as possible…” https://www.securityweek.com/microsoft-will-bring-dns-over-https-doh-windows

CYBERCRIME

After reports of cyber attack, India assures Russia that Kudankulam nuclear power plant is safe

« A part of a network at the Kudankulam in Tamil Nadu, India’s largest civil nuclear facility, was breached earlier this year during a hacking attack believed to have originated on foreign soil…” https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/after-reports-of-cyber-attack-india-assures-russia-that-kudankulam-nuclear-power-plant-is-safe/story-YYKPzLA0jQV8QJbyKomM3H.html

U.S. manufacturing group hacked by China as trade talks intensified – sources

“As trade talks between Washington and Beijing intensified earlier this year, suspected Chinese hackers broke into an industry group for U.S. manufacturers that has helped shape President Donald Trump’s trade policies, according to two people familiar with the matter…” https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trade-china-cyber-exclusive/exclusive-u-s-manufacturing-group-hacked-by-china-as-trade-talks-intensified-sources-idUSKBN1XN1AY

Ransomware hits Louisiana state government systems

« A ransomware infection today took down IT systems and websites managed by the Louisiana state government, Governor John Bel Edwards revealed in a series of tweets…” https://www.zdnet.com/article/ransomware-hits-louisiana-state-government-systems/

Microsoft refutes rumors that Microsoft Teams is being used in ransomware attacks

« In a statement published today, Microsoft has rebuffed rumors that its Microsoft Teams communication and collaboration platform is being used by cyber-criminal gangs to plant ransomware on enterprise networks…” https://www.zdnet.com/article/microsoft-refutes-rumors-that-microsoft-teams-is-being-used-in-ransomware-attacks/

Microsoft Warns Customers of DoppelPaymer Ransomware Threat

« The Microsoft Security Response Center (MSRC) warned customers of the threat behind ongoing DoppelPaymer ransomware attacks and reminded them about misleading info on how it spreads…” https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/microsoft-warns-customers-of-doppelpaymer-ransomware-threat/

ACCESS

Iran’s Information Minister Says Country’s Internet Was Shut Down to Keep Nation safe

« Iran’s minister of information and communication acknowledged Monday that the government has suspended internet service for days amid widespread protests in the country….” https://www.newsweek.com/iran-minister-internet-shut-safety-1472470

CHILD ONLINE PROTECTION

Statement by the European Commission and the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy on the occasion of Universal Children’s Day

« On the occasion of Universal Children’s Day on 20 November, the European Commission and the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy stated the following: « https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/STATEMENT_19_6295

CHILD ONLINE SAFETY

Youtube to update harassment and gaming policies, clarify changes to kid content

« In YouTube CEO Susan Wojcicki quarterly letter, released today, the exec addresses a number of changes to YouTube policies, including the recent FTC-mandated rules for kids content that have alternately confused and infuriated video creators, as well as forthcoming policies around harassment and gaming videos, among other things…” https://techcrunch.com/2019/11/21/youtube-to-update-harassment-and-gaming-policies-clarify-changes-to-kids-content/

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

Uber and its distracted driver at fault for fatal self-driving crash

« The National Transportation Safety Board issues its final findings on what went wrong in the autonomous vehicle accident that led to the death of a pedestrian in Arizona…” https://www.cnet.com/news/ubers-distracted-safety-driver-at-fault-for-fatal-self-driving-car-crash-investigators-say/

CONTENT

Labour to consult on ‘fake news’ inquiry, says manifesto

Labour’s manifesto says it will consult on establishing an inquiry into “fake news”. https://www.countypress.co.uk/news/national/18051890.labour-consult-fake-news-inquiry-says-manifesto/

FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION

Intensified attacks, new defences: developments in the fight to protect journalists and end impunity

https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000371487

ICANN

Post-ICANN66 Policy Report https://meetings.icann.org/en/montreal66/post-icann66-policy-report-20nov19-en

ICANN68 Fellowship Application Round Now Open

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) opened the Fellowship Program application round for ICANN68. https://www.icann.org/news/announcement-2019-11-15-en

Country Code Top-Level Domains Can Now Participate in ICANN’s Domain Abuse Activity Reporting (DAAR) System

“The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) announced that country code top-level domain (ccTLD) operators will now be able to actively participate in the Domain Abuse Activity Reporting (DAAR) system. “https://www.icann.org/news/announcement-2019-11-19-en

ICANN OPEN PUBLIC COMMENT https://www.icann.org/public-comments#open-public

ICANN Takes DNS Discussions to the 14th Internet Governance Forum

« The Fourteenth Annual Meeting of the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) is taking place in Berlin, Germany, from 25 to 29 November 2019. Members of the ICANN Community, Board, and organization will participate in the event, hosted by the Government of Germany at Estrel Congress Center. This year’s theme, “One World. One Net. One Vision.” intersects with our own long-standing motto: One World, One Internet…” https://www.icann.org/news/blog/icann-takes-dns-discussions-to-the-14th-internet-governance-forum

ISOC

Alain Aina: 2019 Jonathan B. Postel Service Award Winner

“Alain Aina has been a key player in the Internet in Africa. While the winner of this year’s Jonathan B. Postel Award has had support from organizations and others, his leadership in building technical communities has helped countless people to spread the Internet across Africa and the world…” https://www.internetsociety.org/blog/2019/11/alain-aina-2019-jonathan-b-postel-service-award-winner/

Rachel Player Honored by Internet Security Research Group with Radiant Award

“Internet security is accomplished by many unsung heroes. People who put their talent and passion into improving the Internet, making it secure and trustworthy…” https://www.internetsociety.org/blog/2019/11/rachel-player-honored-by-internet-security-research-group-with-radiant-award/

IETF 106 Begins Nov 16 in Singapore – Here is how you can participate remotely in building open Internet standards

“Starting Saturday, November 16, 2019, the 106th meeting of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) will begin in Singapore. Over 1,000 engineers from around the world will gather in the convention center to join together in the debates and discussions that will advance the open standards that make the Internet possible. They are gathered, in the words of the IETF mission, “to make the Internet work better“. https://www.internetsociety.org/blog/2019/11/ietf-106-begins-nov-16-in-singapore-here-is-how-you-can-participate-remotely-in-building-open-internet-standards/

Five Key Takeaways from the Summit in Asia-Pacific on Deploying, Sustaining and Scaling Community Networks

Community networks (CNs) offer a solution to connect the unconnected billions. They are becoming all the more important as recent trends reveal a slowdown in Internet connectivity growth through national operators in the Asia-Pacific region…” https://www.internetsociety.org/blog/2019/11/five-key-takeaways-from-the-summit-in-asia-pacific-on-deploying-sustaining-and-scaling-community-networks/

The Week in Internet News: Let’s Encrypt Doubles the Number of Secure Websites

« Let’s Encrypt, the nonprofit certificate authority, has helped the percentage of websites protected with HTTPS encryption jump from 40 percent in 2016 to 80 percent now, TechXplore notes…” https://www.internetsociety.org/blog/2019/11/the-week-in-internet-news-lets-encrypt-doubles-the-number-of-secure-websites/

INTERNET ARCHITECTURE BOARD (IAB)

Call for Nominations: ICANN Root Server System Governance Working Group (GWG)

« On behalf of the IETF, the IAB has been asked to name two technical experts to the ICANN Root Server System Governance Working Group (GWG). ICANN describes this group as follows: https://www.iab.org/2019/11/18/call-for-nominations-icann-root-server-system-governance-working-group-gwg/

IAB report to the community for IETF 106

“…Here is the IAB report for the period between IETF 105 and IETF 106…” https://www.iab.org/2019/11/15/iab-report-to-the-community-for-ietf-106/

MORE NEWS

Internet Association Inaugural Diversity & Inclusion Benchmark Report

« Internet Association’s 2019 Diversity & Inclusion (D&I) Benchmark Report provides first-of-its-kind workforce data for companies in the internet industry…” https://internetassociation.org/publications/ia-inaugural-diversity-inclusion-benchmark-report/

NASA’s image and video library gives public access to out-of-this-world material

« NASA has officially launched a new source to help the public search and download out-of-this-world images. dubbed the NASA image and video library, space fanatics will now be able to browse through more than 140,000 NASA images, videos and audio files from across the agency’s many missions in aeronautics, astrophysics, earth science, human spaceflight and more…” https://www.designboom.com/technology/nasa-image-and-video-library-public-access-06-24-2019/

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