Internet Gov Weekly Brief (W21Y19)
Internet Gov Weekly Brief : Female-voiced AI assistants ‘reinforce gender bias’, UN says; UN SG highlight tech standards for innovation; ARIN recovers 735,000 fraudulently obtained IPv4 addresses; US endorse OECD principles on artificial intelligence; WHO creates Digital Health Department; EU internet providers accused for violating net neutrality; Facebook planning to launch its cryptocurrency; Facebook took down pages spreading fake news; Canada launched its new Digital Charter.
This week, Digital standards; Artificial Intelligence, Digital health; Digital economy and Content policy make most of the headlines in Internet Governance.
“UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres on Friday highlighted the importance of international technology standards in accelerating innovation worldwide.
In his message to the 50th anniversary of the World Telecommunication and Information Society Day, the UN chief said that technological advances such as 5G and the Internet of things have the potential to deliver considerable social and economic benefits and to drive progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals.”
« AI-powered voice assistants with female voices are perpetuating harmful gender biases, according to a UN study.
These female helpers are portrayed as “obliging and eager to please”, reinforcing the idea that women are “subservient”, it finds.
Particularly worrying, it says, is how they often give “deflecting, lacklustre or apologetic responses” to insults.
The report calls for technology firms to stop making voice assistants female by default. » https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-48349102
“Canada and the United States joined forty other countries in adopting the first ever set of intergovernmental rules on the use of artificial intelligence (AI) at a conference in Paris on Wednesday, as the technology promises potential benefit and fuels ethical and other concerns.
The four-page document the nations’ representatives put their signatures to stresses AI should be developed and implemented fairly and safely, urging governments to create policies for “responsible stewardship of trustworthy AI.”
“WHO is establishing a global multi-disciplinary technical group to advise us on issues related to digital health.
WHO’s newly-established Digital Health Department will work to harness the power of digital health technologies and steer developments to contribute to the attainment of all people to the highest level of health through the General Programme of Work (GPW13) triple billion goals and Sustainable Development Goal 3 (Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages). World Health Assembly resolution WHA/71 A71 on digital health underpins this work.” https://www.who.int/news-room/detail/10-05-2019-who-is-establishing-technical-advisory-group-and-roster-of-experts-on-digital-health
CRITICAL INTERNET RESOURCES
“After some legal wrangling, the American Registry for Internet Numbers (ARIN) has reclaimed over 735,000 scarce IPv4 addresses that were fraudulently obtained by a businessman who is now facing wire-fraud charges in the US….ARIN announced this week that it has won a key legal case over 735,000 IPv4 addresses that it says were fraudulently obtained by Micfo, a South Carolina company run by Amir Golestan…” https://www.zdnet.com/article/arin-recovers-735000-fraudulently-obtained-ipv4-addresses/
“New Zealand will join Chile and Singapore in talks to establish new trade rules and best practice for the digital era.
According to a recent press release, New Zealand’s Trade and Export Growth Minister David Parker, together with Chile’s Minister of Foreign Affairs Roberto Ampuero and Singapore’s Minister of Trade and Industry Chan Chun Sing announced the start of the negotiations on the side lines of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) meeting of Ministers Responsible for Trade in Viña del Mar, Chile.”
« The European Union has had net neutrality regulations in place since 2016, but some are concerned that internet service providers are playing fast and loose with those rules. A group of 45 advocate organizations, companies and individuals (including the Electronic Frontier Foundation) have sent a letter to EU officials accusing 186 ISPs of jeopardizing net neutrality though the use of deep packet inspection, which verifies the content of data traffic well beyond the basics. »
“Facebook is still reeling from the fallout from its Cambridge Analytica scandal more than a year ago, as multiple former recruiters say candidates are turning down job offers from what was once considered the best place to work in the United States.”
“Facebook is planning to launch its own cryptocurrency in early 2020, allowing users to make digital payments in a dozen countries.
The currency, dubbed GlobalCoin, would enable Facebook’s 2.4 billion monthly users to change dollars and other international currencies into its digital coins, which could then be used to make payments or transfer money without needing a bank account.”
« Facebook has taken down nearly 80 pages spreading fake news or using tactics that appeared aimed at unfairly influencing the European Parliament vote this weekend, an NGO reported Wednesday (22 May). » https://www.euractiv.com/section/eu-elections-2019/news/facebook-shuts-dozens-of-fake-news-pages-ahead-of-eu-vote/
“Canada has launched its new Digital Charter, designed to protect its citizens online and enforce rules governing social media platforms.
The charter will target fake news and hate speech online, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said on Tuesday. » https://www.cnet.com/news/canada-launches-digital-charter-to-combat-hate-speech-and-fake-news/
« The Irish Data Protection Commission (DPC) opened a probe into Google’s data collection practices through online advertising, to establish if it is in breach of the European Union’s (EU) General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).” https://www.mobileworldlive.com/featured-content/top-three/google-facing-eu-gdpr-probe/