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Internet Gov Weekly Brief (W45 Y19)

Internet Gov Weekly Brief (W45 Y19)

CYBER GEOPOLITICS

Russia not the only foreign state threat to U.S. elections in 2020

« Russia interfered in the 2016 election and may try to sway next year’s vote as well. But it’s not the only nation with an eye on U.S. politics…” https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2019/10/31/world/politics-diplomacy-world/threat-u-s-elections-2020-said-not-limited-russia/#.XbsJHW52s2w

Facebook removes Africa accounts linked to Russian troll factory

« Facebook has taken down accounts linked to Yevgeny Prigozhin – the businessman allegedly behind Russia’s notorious troll factory – which were actively seeking to influence the domestic politics of a range of African countries…” https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/oct/30/facebook-removes-africa-accounts-linked-russian-troll-factory-yevgeny-prigozhin

FCC chairman proposes ban on use of funds to purchase Huawei, ZTE products

« Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Chairman Ajit Pai on Monday announced a two-part proposal that would ban the use of FCC funds to buy equipment from companies deemed national security threats, including Chinese telecommunications companies Huawei and ZTE…” https://thehill.com/policy/cybersecurity/467783-fcc-chairman-proposes-ban-on-use-of-funds-to-purchase-huawei-zte

US Praises Montenegro’s Partnership on Cyber Defence

« The US embassy in Montenegro has paid tribute to an elite team of American cyber experts working in the Balkan country for a second year to generate fresh insights into adversarial cyber threats as elections loom in both the US and Montenegro in 2020…” https://balkaninsight.com/2019/10/31/us-praises-montenegros-partnership-on-cyber-defence/

Edward Snowden Reveals In His Memoir That Aliens Never Contacted CIA

« Former Security Agency contractor of United States, Edward Snowden revealed that he tried to look for “aliens” in the files of CIA, however, he couldn’t find anything because even if the files confirming the presence of aliens exists, they’re “hidden very well”, he stated….” https://www.republicworld.com/world-news/rest-of-the-world-news/edward-snowden-reveals-in-his-memoir-that-aliens-never-contacted-cia.html

With ISIS leader dead, Donald Trump loves the intelligence community – some of them anyway

« For one day at least, President Donald Trump is getting along great the U.S. intelligence community – most of them anyway….” https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2019/10/27/abu-bakr-al-baghdadi-donald-trump-now-loves-us-intelligence-community/2478309001/

CYBERESPIONAGE

WhatsApp sues Israeli firm NSO over cyberespionage

« The suit filed in a California federal court contended that NSO Group tried to infect approximately 1,400 “target devices” with malicious software to steal valuable information from those using the messaging app…” https://www.standardmedia.co.ke/business/article/2001347377/whatsapp-sues-israeli-firm-nso-over-cyberespionage

Government officials around the globe targeted for hacking through WhatsApp – sources

« Senior government officials in multiple U.S.-allied countries were targeted earlier this year with hacking software that used Facebook Inc’s WhatsApp to take over users’ phones, according to people familiar with the messaging company’s investigation…” https://www.reuters.com/article/us-facebook-cyber-whatsapp-nsogroup/exclusive-whatsapp-hacked-to-spy-on-top-government-officials-at-u-s-allies-sources-idUSKBN1XA27H

Civil society once again targeted by spyware attributed to NSO Group

« An investigation conducted by WhatsApp and Citizen Lab revealed that a total of 1400+ individuals were targeted, out of whom over 100 have already been identified as members of civil society (human rights defenders, activists, journalists)…” https://www.accessnow.org/members-of-civil-society-once-again-targeted-by-spyware-attributed-to-nso-group/

CYBERCRIME

Japan sets up cybersecurity council to secure the 2020 Olympics

« Japan has made cybersecurity a top priority for the Tokyo Olympics and Paralympics next year, Takeshi Akahori, Deputy Director-General for the Foreign Policy Bureau, Ministry of Foreign Affairs said on a visit to Singapore this month….” https://govinsider.asia/connected-gov/japan-sets-up-cybersecurity-council-to-secure-the-2020-olympics/

EU cybersecurity rules: Commission’s report show how Member States have identified “essential services”

« The Commission has published a report assessing how EU Member States have identified public and private organisations that must put in place cybersecurity measures and report major cyber incidents….” https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/news/eu-cybersecurity-rules-commissions-report-show-how-member-states-have-identified-essential

Major vulnerability patched in the EU’s eIDAS authentication system

“European authorities have released today a patch for the eIDAS system. The patch fixes two security flaws that could allow an attacker to pose as any EU citizen or business during official transactions….” https://www.zdnet.com/article/major-vulnerability-patched-in-the-eus-eidas-authentication-system/

Georgia hit by massive cyber-attack

« A huge cyber-attack has knocked out more than 2,000 websites – as well as the national TV station – in the country of Georgia…” https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-50207192

Ransomware Attack Shuts Down City of Johannesburg’s Systems

“The City of Johannesburg municipality shut down the website, its e-services platform, and the billing system (SAP ISU and CRM) following a ransomware attack that also led to unauthorized information access according to a ransom note….” https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/ransomware-attack-shuts-down-city-of-johannesburgs-systems/

Joburg refuses to pay cyber attack ransom, gets help from ‘international partners’

“The city of Johannesburg has roped in international partners to deal with a cyber attack, and will not concede to a R400,000 ransom demand by the Shadow Kill Hackers…” https://www.sowetanlive.co.za/news/south-africa/2019-10-28-joburg-refuses-to-pay-cyber-attack-ransom-gets-help-from-international-partners/

India : Kudankulam nuclear plant denies hacking of its control system, officials say audit found breach

“The Kudankulam Nuclear Power Project (KKNPP) in Tamil Nadu on Tuesday denied any hacking of its control system. However, senior government officials said an audit has confirmed that an “incident” had occurred, though not on the main operations of the plant….” https://indianexpress.com/article/india/kudankulam-nuclear-plant-denies-hacking-of-its-control-system-officials-say-audit-found-breach-6093680/

US: Senators introduce bill to strengthen cybersecurity of local governments

« A bipartisan group of senators on Wednesday introduced legislation intended to shore up cybersecurity for local governments by providing resources for them to switch to secure internet domains administered by the federal government….” https://thehill.com/policy/cybersecurity/468210-senators-introduce-bill-to-strengthen-cybersecurity-of-local-governments

DATA PROTECTION – PRIVACY

Facebook agrees to pay fine over Cambridge Analytica scandal

« Facebook has agreed to pay a £500,000 fine, the highest possible, to the Information Commissioner’s Office over the Cambridge Analytica scandal, ending more than a year of litigation between the regulator and social network…” https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/oct/30/facebook-agrees-to-pay-fine-over-cambridge-analytica-scandal

ENCRYPTION

China adopts law on cryptography

China adopts a national law on cryptography for regulating the utilization and management of cryptography, facilitating the development of the cryptography business and ensuring the security of cyberspace and information. http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-10/26/c_138505655.htm

US: NIST Seeking Comments on Cryptography Changes

« The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is looking to update the techniques used to generate digital signatures under FIPS 186-5 and is seeking public comment, as noted in an upcoming Federal Register post…” https://www.meritalk.com/articles/nist-seeking-comments-on-cryptography-changes/

ACCESS

UN OHCHR calls on India to restore rights to India-administered Kashmir

“The United Nations (UN) Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) called on India to restore rights to India-administered Kashmir on Wednesday….Additionally, there is no internet access in the Kashmir Valley and media outlets are restricted.”https://www.jurist.org/news/2019/10/un-ohchr-calls-on-india-to-restore-rights-to-india-administered-kashmir/

CONTENT

Facebook, Google, Twitter urged to do more to combat fake news in EU

« Facebook (FB.O), Google (GOOGL.O) and Twitter (TWTR.N) must do more to tackle fake news or face regulatory action, the European Commission said on Tuesday…” https://www.reuters.com/article/us-eu-tech-fakenews/facebook-google-twitter-urged-to-do-more-to-combat-fake-news-in-eu-idUSKBN1X819V

Social media giant Twitter announces ban on political advertising

« Social media giant Twitter has moved to address concerns it’s platform is being used to spread false information by announcing it will ban all political advertising from next month…” https://www.abc.net.au/radio/programs/worldtoday/twitter-announces-ban-on-political-advertising/11658190

Germany announces plans to combat far-right extremism and online hate speech

« After the deadly attack on a synagogue and killing of a politician, the German government has set out its new measures to tackle far-right extremist violence. Opposition politicians say the plans are long overdue….” https://www.dw.com/en/germany-announces-plans-to-combat-far-right-extremism-and-online-hate-speech/a-51049129

WhatsApp fake news during Brazil election ‘favoured Bolsonaro’

« The vast majority of false information shared on WhatsApp in Brazil during the presidential election favoured the far-right winner, Jair Bolsonaro, a Guardian analysis of data suggests…” https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/oct/30/whatsapp-fake-news-brazil-election-favoured-jair-bolsonaro-analysis-suggests

INFRASTRUCTURE

German Intelligence Chief Signals Distrust of Huawei on 5G

« Germany’s spy chief said Huawei Technologies “can’t fully be trusted,” signaling security hardliners in Chancellor Angela Merkel’s government want to keep the Chinese technology giant out of the country’s fifth-generation networks…” https://www.caixinglobal.com/2019-10-30/german-intelligence-chief-signals-distrust-of-huawei-on-5g-101476730.html

Berlin, Paris want to create a European digital ‘cloud’

« Germany unveiled Tuesday, October 29, a plan backed by France to establish a secure data infrastructure that would reduce Europe’s dependence on US “cloud” networks…” https://www.rappler.com/technology/news/243730-gaia-x-berlin-paris-european-digital-cloud

CHILD ONLINE PROTECTION

China amends minor protection law to include cyberspace

« China’s lawmakers filed on Monday a draft amendment to a law protecting minors, including for the first time a section on cyberspace measures, state-run Xinhua News Agency reported…” Https://technode.com/2019/10/25/chinas-draft-amendment-to-minors-protection-law-highlights-cyber-regulations/

DIGITAL FINANCE

Uber launches financial services unit Uber Money — partly to streamline payments for drivers

« Uber is making a bigger push into payments and financial services by setting up a division called Uber Money. https://www.uber.com/newsroom/introducing-uber-money/.. » https://www.marketwatch.com/story/uber-launches-financial-services-unit-uber-money—-partly-to-streamline-payments-for-drivers-2019-10-28

Turkey proposes 7.5 percent digital services tax on large multinationals

« Turkey’s Ministry of Treasury and Finance on 23 October released a draft law introducing a digital services tax, sending it to the Turkish Parliament for ratification…” https://mnetax.com/turkey-proposes-7-5-percent-digital-services-tax-on-large-multinationals-36377

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

WIPO celebrates 20 years of UDRP; votes against reform

“The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) celebrated the 20th anniversary of the Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP) with a conference at its headquarters last week…” https://www.worldipreview.com/news/wipo-celebrates-20-years-of-udrp-votes-against-reform-18821

BLOCKCHAIN

Blockchain endorsement from China’s Xi Jinping could lead to fraud and speculation, technology analysts warn

« China’s blockchain technology frenzy following President Xi Jinping’s endorsement last week has raised concerns over the potential for fraud as well as duplicate or worthless projects. https://www.scmp.com/economy/china-economy/article/3035797/blockchain-endorsement-chinas-xi-jinping-could-lead-fraud-and

ICANN NEWS

Read ICANN’s FY19 Annual report https://www.icann.org/en/system/files/files/annual-report-2019-en.pdf

Meeting Our Commitments to Accountability and Transparency: An Information Transparency Initiative Update

« As you’re aware, ICANN has commitments to and requirements for accountability and transparency. Current and easy-to-find information in all six U.N. languages is a vital part of achieving those commitments…” https://www.icann.org/news/blog/meeting-our-commitments-to-accountability-and-transparency-an-information-transparency-initiative-update

 The First Message Transmission

« Many realize that 50 years ago, on October 29, 1969, the first message was successfully sent over the ARPANET, which eventually evolved into the Internet. But few know the story that led up to that message….” https://www.icann.org/news/blog/the-first-message-transmission

ICANN and PTI Publish Audited Financial Statements for FY19

“The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) and Public Technical Identifiers (PTI) published their Fiscal Year 2019 (FY19) Audited Financial Statements, accompanied by unqualified audit reports from BDO LLP, the independent auditors. https://www.icann.org/news/announcement-2019-10-29-en

IETF NEWS

Welcoming the new IETF Executive Director

« One of the most critical tasks facing the inaugural IETF LLC Board this year was to hire a permanent IETF Executive Director…” https://www.ietf.org/blog/welcome-ietf-exec-director/

ISOC NEWS

What Scary Movies Can Teach Us About Internet Trust

« Mad geniuses. Evil dolls. Slow zombies. This Halloween, we’ll see all of these horror film clichés come to life. Sure they’re fun, but are there lessons we can learn from them? ..”https://www.internetsociety.org/blog/2019/10/what-scary-movies-can-teach-us-about-internet-trust/

The Invisible Internet

« On July 3, 1969, four months before the first message of the Internet was sent, I was quoted in a UCLA press release in which I articulated my vision of what the Internet would become…” https://www.internetsociety.org/blog/2019/10/the-invisible-internet/

Summit Seeks to Connect Communities in Africa to the Global Internet “The Internet Society and the Association for Progressive Communications (APC) in partnership with the University of Dodoma announced today that the Fourth Annual Community Networks Summit is being held in Dodoma, Tanzania from 28 October – 2 November 2019…” https://www.internetsociety.org/news/press-releases/2019/summit-seeks-to-connect-communities-in-africa-to-the-global-internet/

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